Title: A comparison of Young's modulus for normal and diseased human eardrums at high strain rates

Authors: Huiyang Luo, Hongbing Lu, Chenkai Dai, Rong Zhu Gan

Addresses: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA. ' School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA. ' School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA. ' School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA

Abstract: The viscoelastic properties of a human eardrum or tympanic membrane (TM) have not been fully characterised in the auditory frequency range, despite the fact that these properties are critical data as input in modelling the acoustic transmission in a human ear. In this paper using a miniature split Hopkinson tension bar (SHTB), we investigated the mechanical behaviour of TM at high strain rates, corresponding approximately to the behaviour at high frequency. The Young|s modulus values of diseased human TMs are determined as 63.4-79.2 MPa in the radial direction, and 33.1-42.8 MPa in the circumferential direction at strain rates 300-2000 s−1, results are compared with those for normal TMs. The comparison indicates that normal human TMs show stronger dependence on high strain rates. The measured Young|s modulus is converted into complex Young|s modulus in the frequency domain in the frequency range of 300-2000 Hz.

Keywords: diseased human eardrums; Young|s modulus; high strain rates; split Hopkinson tension bar; SHTB; complex modulus; frequency domain; normal human eardrums; viscoelastic properties; tympanic membrane; modelling; acoustic transmission; auditory frequency range.

DOI: 10.1504/IJECB.2009.022856

International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics, 2009 Vol.1 No.1, pp.1 - 22

Available online: 30 Jan 2009 *

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