Title: Output gap and inflation nexus: the case of United Arab Emirates

Authors: Mohamed A. Osman, Rosmy Jean Louis, Faruk Balli

Addresses: Economics and Statistics, College of Business Administration, University of Dubai, PO Box 14143, Dubai, The United Arab Emirates. ' Department of Economics and Finance, Faculty of Management, Bldg 250, Room 464, Vancouver Island University, 900 Fifth Street, Nanaimo, BC V9R 5S5, Canada. ' Department of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Abstract: Output gap is generally used in assessing both the inflationary pressures and the cyclical position of a nation|s economy. However, this variable is not observable and must be estimated. In this article, we accomplish two tasks. First, we estimate the output gap for the United Arab Emirates (UAE) using four different statistical methods. Second, we evaluate to what extent do the fluctuations of output gap, however measured, are a good predictors of inflation in the UAE. This is carried out by comparing the out-of-sample forecasts generated by the output gap-based models to those of the model with alternative indicators and the benchmark models. Interestingly, although the different measures of output gap produce a broadly similar profile of the UAE business cycles, we could not find any statistical evidence that this variable is a useful predictor of inflation in the UAE.

Keywords: forecasting; forecast accuracy; forecast encompassing; inflation; output gap; United Arab Emirates; UAE.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEBR.2009.022768

International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2009 Vol.1 No.1, pp.118 - 135

Published online: 26 Jan 2009 *

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