Title: Driver alertness monitoring techniques: a literature review

Authors: J. Culp, M. El Gindy, A. Haque

Addresses: Vehicle Dynamics and Simulation Research Centre, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, 217 Transportation Research Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. ' Vehicle Dynamics and Simulation Research Centre, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, 217 Transportation Research Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. ' Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 317A Leonhard Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA

Abstract: Recent studies show lack of driver alertness to be a major cause of automobile accidents on roadways across the world. The perceived state of alertness is a complex physiological and psychological phenomenon. This paper reviews factors contributing to and the symptoms of alertness loss and the existing methods used to measure driver alertness. Because of their remarkable pattern recognition capabilities, special attention is given to Artificial Neural Network (ANN) approaches to predict alertness levels.

Keywords: alertness monitoring; accident prevention; drowsy driving; neural networks; driver alertness; literature review; automobile accidents; alertness levels.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHVS.2008.022245

International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2008 Vol.15 No.2/3/4, pp.255 - 271

Available online: 24 Dec 2008 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article