Authors: R. Ghanem, H. Farag, Y. Eltaweel, Mona E. Ossman
Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. ' Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. ' Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. ' Mobarak City for Scientific Research and Technological Application, İnformatics Research Institute, Alexandria, Egypt
Abstract: Nickel-supported catalyst is used in petroleum, fertiliser and iron industries. This research studied the possibility of recovering nickel by leaching the ground catalyst with sulphuric acid. The leaching was done in single stage and multi-stages. The results obtained in single-stage leaching showed that the percentage recovery of nickel increased with increasing acid concentration used up to 25% and then the percentage recovery of nickel decreased. Also, the percentage recovery of nickel increased as the time of leaching increased. The optimum time was 3 h with three stages, each stage for 1 h. Using multi-stages gave 82% recovery while using two stages with the same acid concentration for 2 h gave 84% recovery. Increasing the number of stages leads to the use of lower acid concentration.
Keywords: solid waste management; nickel recovery; spent catalyst; single leaching; multiple leaching; sulphuric acid.
International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2008 Vol.2 No.6, pp.540 - 548
Available online: 06 Dec 2008 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article