Title: Energy efficient node addressing scheme in self-organised sensor networks

Authors: Rui Teng

Addresses: Department of Information and Communication Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

Abstract: Sensor networks are envisioned to support autonomous and spontaneous networking for a wide range of applications such as environment monitoring. Due to energy constraints, it is difficult for wireless sensor nodes to handle heavy protocol stacks with a large protocol overhead. In this paper, we present a novel address auto configuration scheme, which we call SMallest-size sensor AddRess auToconfiguration scheme (SMART), to configure potential shortest-size local unique addresses for sensor networks with energy efficiency. SMART achieves energy efficiency in three ways. First, it automatically configures node address within a potential smallest address space for a number of sensor nodes, in order to achieve the small address size. Second, it avoids address conflicts during the address configuration. Third, it configures addresses with a small configuration overhead and achieves load balance among sensor nodes.

Keywords: wireless sensor networks; energy efficiency; autoconfiguration; node addressing; self-organised networks; WSNs; wireless networks; load balance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCNDS.2009.021694

International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2009 Vol.2 No.1, pp.63 - 77

Published online: 30 Nov 2008 *

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