Title: Theoretical and practical aids for the proper selection of reliability models for power system components

Authors: E. Chiodo, G. Mazzanti

Addresses: Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Naples 'Federico II' Via Claudio 21, 80125 Naples, Italy. ' Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy

Abstract: In the deregulated electrical energy market, reliability estimation of electrical components is an increasingly important, but difficult, task. Indeed, utilities face on one hand the degradation of many power system devices and on the other hand the high-reliability of such devices. This paper gives theoretical and practical aids for the proper selection of reliability models for power system components. Firstly, the most adopted reliability models in the literature about electrical components are reviewed and the classical |direct reliability assessment| is described. Then, phenomenological and physical models for the estimation of ageing and life of electrical insulation (the weakest part of many devices) are illustrated. Finally, numerical and graphical examples show that seemingly similar reliability models can possess very different lifetime percentiles and hazard rates. Thus model selection must be accomplished very carefully, since it involves completely different maintenance actions and costs.

Keywords: hazard rates; power system components; probability distributions; reliability models; stochastic processes; electrical components; reliability model selection; electrical insulation; ageing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRS.2008.020775

International Journal of Reliability and Safety, 2008 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.99 - 128

Available online: 15 Oct 2008 *

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