Authors: J. Bechhoefer
Addresses: Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada
Abstract: As the undercooling of a liquid melt is increased, one observes several qualitatively different regimes of solidification, each dominated by a different set of physics. I discuss the different regimes, their phenomenology, their physics, and the transitions between them. The experimental focus is on soft-condensed-matter systems, whose widely variable time scales allow one to easily explore the different solidification regimes. One challenge is to relate the complicated nanostructures that are observed to the relatively simple overall macroscopic behaviour.
Keywords: solidification; dendritic growth; banded spherulites; phase-field models; morphology transitions; atomic force microscopy; AFM; viscous melts; undercooling; nanotechnology; soft condensed matter; nanostructures.
International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2008 Vol.5 No.9/10/11/12, pp.1121 - 1137
Published online: 09 Aug 2008 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article