Title: Human-Centred Intelligent Human–Computer Interaction (HCI²): how far are we from attaining it?

Authors: Maja Pantic, Anton Nijholt, Alex Pentland, Thomas S. Huanag

Addresses: Computing Department, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; EEMCS, University of Twente, Enschede 7500 AE, The Netherlands. ' EEMCS, University of Twente, Enschede 7500 AE, The Netherlands. ' Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA. ' University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Beckman Institute, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Abstract: A widely accepted prediction is that computing will move to the background, weaving itself into the fabric of our everyday living spaces and projecting the human user into the foreground. To realise this prediction, next-generation computing should develop anticipatory user interfaces that are human-centred, built for humans and based on naturally occurring multimodal human communication. These interfaces should transcend the traditional keyboard and mouse and have the capacity to understand and emulate human communicative intentions as expressed through behavioural cues, such as affective and social signals. This article discusses how far we are to the goal of human-centred computing and Human-Centred Intelligent Human-Computer Interaction (HCI²) that can understand and respond to multimodal human communication.

Keywords: context sensing; human affect recognition; sensing humans; social signals detection; human-centred HCI; intelligent HCI; human–computer interaction; next-generation computing; anticipatory user interfaces; human communication; behavioural cues.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAACS.2008.019799

International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems, 2008 Vol.1 No.2, pp.168 - 187

Published online: 03 Aug 2008 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article