Title: Supporting multi-step annotation to promote reflective learning: triggered by a cell-phone

Authors: Kenji Matsuura, Naka Gotoda, Keiji Niki, Kazuhide Kanenishi, Yoneo Yano

Addresses: Centre for Advanced Information Technology, The University of Tokushima, 2–1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima, 770-8506, Japan. ' Graduate School of Advanced Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima, 2–1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima, 770-8506, Japan. ' Graduate School of Advanced Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima, 2–1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima, 770-8506, Japan. ' Centre for Advanced Information Technology, The University of Tokushima, 2–1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima, 770-8506, Japan. ' Institute of Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima, 2–1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima, 770-8506, Japan

Abstract: Many universities officially permit their students to use cell-phone as an input device in lectures. Considering this situation, this paper proposes a multi-step annotation function using a cell-phone as the trigger to start reflective learning. Using the proposed system during the lecture, students are required to mark the important slides via the cell-phone e-mail. This e-mail is synchronised to the respective slide automatically through the time stamp. Then, the student has to fulfil the annotation content marked by the e-mail after the lecture. This paper describes the design and development of the system, including the observed results of trial uses.

Keywords: reflective learning; cell phones; mobile phones; web-based learning; e-mail; email; annotation content; m-learning; mobile learning; e-learning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMLO.2008.019764

International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 2008 Vol.2 No.2, pp.119 - 132

Published online: 30 Jul 2008 *

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