Authors: Shin'ichi Okamoto, Katsuyuki Takahashi, Naoto Minakawa
Addresses: Tokyo University of Information Sciences, 1200-2 Yato-cho, Wakaba-Ku, Chiba, 265-8501, Japan. Green Blue Corp., 5-4-11 Higashi-Koujiya, Ohta-Ku, Tokyo, 144-0033, Japan. Green Blue Corp., 5-4-11 Higashi-Koujiya, Ohta-Ku, Tokyo, 144-0033, Japan
Abstract: Suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations were measured and their composition was analysed at many sites around The Loop Road No. 8 (Traffic 100,000 vehicle/day) to determine the source contribution to SPM in the central part of Tokyo. It was found that SPM concentrations decreased with distance from the road. SPM concentrations decreased with distance by about 20% at 100m from the road. Total SPM in winter was composed of three main components carbon by 40%, ions by 30% and metals by 10%. Principal component analysis was performed for the data set of 16 data and 25 variables and identified three principal components, explaining 86.4% of total variance of SPM. The first principal component, which accounts for 64.3% of the total SPM, is regarded as an overall contamination index. The most plausible source of this component may be waste and biomass burning. The second principal component may be road dust and the third principal component may be attributable to automotive exhaust emissions.
Keywords: suspended particulate matter (SPM); road pollution; vehicle emission; principal component analysis.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2001 Vol.27 No.1/2/3/4, pp.173-182
Published online: 14 Dec 2003 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article