Title: A mathematical hybrid model for evaluating vehicle performance in car-to-car side impacts

Authors: Bengt Pipkorn

Addresses: Department of Machine and Vehicle Design, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Goteborg, Sweden.

Abstract: A hybrid model consisting of several parts: (a baseline vehicle, a EUROSID-l dummy and a US-SID dummy) was developed using the finite element software RADIOSS. The vehicle model was developed using truss, beam, spring and beam type spring elements. Where necessary, the vehicle model was complemented with shell elements. The EUROSlD-l and US-SID dummies were one-dimensional lumped mass spring damper models and consisted of spine, ribs and pelvis. The model was used to evaluate effects of vehicle modifications on injury risk predicted by the dummies. It was validated by means of mechanical tests. Generally good agreement was obtained between predictions of the model and the results from the mechanical tests. The dummy models were validated by means of pendulum tests. The baseline vehicle model with the dummies was validated by means of crash tests according to both the American crash test procedure (FMVSS 214) and the proposed European side impact test procedure. The applicability of the hybrid approach for vehicle and occupant modelling has been demonstrated. The hybrid model provides a quick and economical analysis of a large number of design changes. The advantage of this model is that it can be used in the early design stages of passenger vehicles.

Keywords: car; dummy; hybrid method; injury criteria; occupant; side impact; simulation; test method; TTI, VC.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2000.001873

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2000 Vol.24 No.1, pp.48-69

Published online: 18 Aug 2003 *

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