Title: National innovation systems a proposed framework for developing countries

Authors: Aymen A. Kayal

Addresses: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P.O. Box 821, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The concept of a national innovation system (NIS) has been gaining popularity as a core conceptual framework for analysing technological change, which is considered to be an indispensable foundation of the long-term economic development of a nation. The needed infrastructure components for an effective NIS pose a challenge to many developing countries. Therefore, the successful experiences of newly industrialised economies are investigated to explain the divergent evolutionary patterns among these distinct national innovation systems. This paper focuses on synthesising a conceptual framework suitable for adoption by developing countries. The proposed framework might guide developing nations in designing national innovation systems that would help them manage the technological innovation process in a more systematic way.

Keywords: national innovation systems; developing countries; technological change; economic development; technology transfer; framework; innovation management; newly industrialised economies; entrepreneurship; infrastructure; technological innovation .

DOI: 10.1504/IJEIM.2008.018615

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2008 Vol.8 No.1, pp.74 - 86

Published online: 01 Jun 2008 *

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