Authors: Joseph V. Spadaro, Ari Rabl, Estelle Jourdaint, Paula Coussy
Addresses: Centre d’Energétique, Ecole des Mines, 60 bl St-Michel, F-75272 Paris, France. Centre d’Energétique, Ecole des Mines, 60 bl St-Michel, F-75272 Paris, France. Centre Economie et Gestion, Ecole du Petrole et des Moteurs, Institut, francais du petrole, 228 av. Napoleon Bonaparte, BP 311, Rueil Malmaison F-92506, Paris, France. Centre Economie et Gestion, Ecole du Petrole et des Moteurs, Institut, francais du petrole, 228 av. Napoleon Bonaparte, BP 311, Rueil Malmaison F-92506, Paris, France
Abstract: We report results for the external costs of air pollution, taking the case of road transport between Paris and Lyon. This project is part of the ExternE program of the European Commission and uses the methodology of Impact Pathway Analysis whose principal steps are emission of pollutants, atmospheric dispersion, exposure-response functions, and economic valuation. The emissions are calculated for typical cars according to the driving conditions of this trip. The dispersion is calculated by combining two software packages ROADPOL, a Gaussian plume model for the local range (<50 km), and the Harwell Trajectory Model (as implemented in the ECOSENSE software of ExternE) beyond 50 km. The exposure-response functions and the economic valuation are also based on ExtemE.
Keywords: air pollution; external costs; health impacts; Impact Pathway Analysis; transport.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 1998 Vol.20 No.1/2/3/4, pp.274-282
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