Title: Environmental technology transfer synergism: health risk assessment and community rejection of commercial electronic chip fabrication in upstate New York

Authors: Robert A. Michaels

Addresses: RAM TRAC Corporation, 3100 Rosendale Road, Schenectady, NY 12309, USA

Abstract: A prerequisite to technology transfer is community acceptance of a new technology to be transferred. Health risk assessment is the instrument typically used for evaluating technologies relative to public health issues, which often constitute one basis for community concern about a technology. Technology transfer, therefore, also depends upon community acceptance of risk assessment technology, which itself is new to many communities. Interdependence of a hardware technology, such as electronic chip fabrication supporting the computer industry, with a software technology, specifically health risk assessment, may be termed ||technology transfer synergism||. Here, a case study is presented in which transfer of chip fabrication technology to an upstate New York community failed. The primary basis for this technology transfer failure was community rejection of the chip fabrication technology, not mistrust of risk assessment as an evaluating instrument.

Keywords: technology transfer; chip fabrication; health risk assessment; technology transfer synergism; facility siting; facility permitting.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTTC.2002.001797

International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2002 Vol.1 No.4, pp.424-452

Published online: 18 Aug 2003 *

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