Title: Nanocrystalline carbon coatings and powders for medicine

Authors: Katarzyna Mitura, Anna Karczemska, Piotr Niedzielski, Jacek Grabarczyk, Witold Kaczorowski, Petr Louda, Stanislaw Mitura

Addresses: Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Poland. ' Institute of Turbomachinery, Technical University of Lodz, Poland. ' Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Poland. ' Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Poland. ' Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Poland. ' Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic. ' Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Poland

Abstract: All the allotropic forms of carbon, i.e., diamond, graphite and carbine, find applications in different areas of medicine, but diamond is specifically preferred. The unique properties of thin diamond layers, due to the highest biocompatibility of carbon resulting from the presence of this element in human body, make them candidates for producing biomaterials. Especially carbon in the form of a nanocrystalline diamond film has found industrial applications in the area of medical implants. Diamond Powder Particles (DPP), as an extended surface NCD, are useful for medical examinations. Different medical implants are covered with Nanocrystalline Diamond Coatings (NCD). NCD forms a diffusion barrier between implant and human environment.

Keywords: carbon films; nanocrystalline diamond coatings; NCD; biocompatibility; diamond powder particles; DPP; medical implants; manomanufacturing; nanotechnology; biomaterials; bioengineering; biomedical engineering.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNM.2008.017836

International Journal of Nanomanufacturing, 2008 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.29 - 39

Published online: 19 Apr 2008 *

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