Title: Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process

Authors: Thomas L. Saaty

Addresses: Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

Abstract: Decisions involve many intangibles that need to be traded off. To do that, they have to be measured along side tangibles whose measurements must also be evaluated as to, how well, they serve the objectives of the decision maker. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgements of experts to derive priority scales. It is these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms. The comparisons are made using a scale of absolute judgements that represents, how much more, one element dominates another with respect to a given attribute. The judgements may be inconsistent, and how to measure inconsistency and improve the judgements, when possible to obtain better consistency is a concern of the AHP. The derived priority scales are synthesised by multiplying them by the priority of their parent nodes and adding for all such nodes. An illustration is included.

Keywords: decision making; intangibles; judgements; priorities analytical hierarchy process; AHP; comparisons; ratings; synthesis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSSCI.2008.017590

International Journal of Services Sciences, 2008 Vol.1 No.1, pp.83 - 98

Published online: 18 Mar 2008 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article