Title: Why do firms cooperate for innovation? A comparison of Austrian and Finnish CIS3 results

Authors: Bernhard Dachs, Bernd Ebersberger, Andreas Pyka

Addresses: Austrian Research Centers (ARC), Department of Technology Policy, Vienna, Austria. ' Management Center Innsbruck (MCI), Innsbruck, Austria. ' Department of Economics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Abstract: This paper analyses differences in the cooperative behaviour of innovative firms in Finland and Austria. We use data from the third wave of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS3). Descriptive statistics indicate that the rate of innovators is quite similar in Austria and Finland, while the number of cooperating enterprises is considerably higher in Finland. Econometric analysis reveals that a number of factors that determine cooperative arrangements are only significant in one or the other country. We conclude that cooperative behaviour in the two countries is much more dependent on national factors and much deeper rooted in the underlying innovation systems than the existing literature may assume.

Keywords: innovation; cooperation; Community Innovation Survey 3; CIS3; Austria; Finland; cooperative behaviour; innovative firms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFIP.2008.017577

International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 2008 Vol.4 No.3/4, pp.200 - 229

Published online: 18 Mar 2008 *

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