Title: Accommodating multiple interests in local forest management: a focus on facilitation, actors and practices
Authors: Paul G.H. Engel, Anouk Hoeberichts, Laurent Umans
Addresses: ECPDM, Onze Lieve Vrouweplein 21, 6211 HE Maastricht, The Netherlands. FAO Regional Headquarters in Santiago, Chile. SNV/ISODEC, PO Box 19452, Accra-North, Ghana
Abstract: This paper is concerned with three questions. When, if at all, is facilitation worthwhile? When dealing with local forest management, what exactly should facilitators focus on? How does empowerment fit into facilitation efforts? Two case studies, one concerned with the establishment of the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park in Perú, the other with the impact of changes in forest legislation on the Yuracare in the Bolivian tropics, are presented. The conclusion is that mismatches between competent performances rather than conflicts of interests between relevant stakeholders are most involved when problems arise. To overcome these, facilitation should address at least three types of accommodation processes learning-in-practice, learning-across-practices and resource-use negotiation. Moreover, it should define itself within a particular context. Facilitation strategies should be defined according to the type of situation the stakeholders are in. Key elements for judging fundamentally different situations are suggested. Empowerment is seen as a necessary element for strengthening the stakeholders| capacity to act and interact effectively in their search for new options and solutions.
Keywords: accommodation; conflict resolution; facilitation; facilitation strategy; intervention; participation; participatory planning; situation analysis; stakeholder processes.
International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2001 Vol.1 No.3/4, pp.306-326
Published online: 01 Jul 2003 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article