Title: An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

Authors: Chin Hong Cheah, James E. Ball

Addresses: Water Research Laboratory, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of New South Wales, King Street, Manly Vale, Sydney NSW 2093, Australia. ' University of Technology Sydney, City Campus, P.O. Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007, Australia

Abstract: The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling approach that enables differentiation between the various sources of pollutants such as roofs, roads and other impervious surfaces. Using data from small urban catchments in Sydney, this research attempts to improve the accuracy of stormwater runoff predictions by adopting a more process-based approach. This resulting runoff model will be enhanced to simulate stormwater runoff quality, subsequently serving as an important tool in urban catchment management studies. Other findings from the modelling exercise include the necessity of adopting a finer resolution for the recording of rainfall and the inferiority of the plane and gutter approach compared to a simplified diagonal approach in conceptualising the catchment.

Keywords: kinematic hydrology; stormwater modelling; urban drainage; runoff; road surfaces; small urban catchments; historical pollutographs; simulation; water pollution; Australia; water sensitive urban design; WSUD; water quality.

DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2007.016316

International Journal of Water, 2007 Vol.3 No.4, pp.322 - 333

Published online: 17 Dec 2007 *

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