Title: Measuring intermodalism at European port cities: an employment-based study

Authors: Cesar Ducruet, Sung-Woo Lee

Addresses: Department of Port, Transport and Regional Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, School of Economics, Burg. Oudlaan 50, Woudestein, Room H12-13, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ' Port Research Center, Korea Maritime Institute, Bangbae-dong, Seoul, Korea

Abstract: Since many studies on intermodalism face a lack of empirical evidence and comparative research, this paper focuses on the modal distribution of employment among 76 European port cities. Data is collected from 9,000 companies and more than one million employees involved in port, sea, air, road, rail, warehousing, forwarding, and logistics, together with population, port, and air traffics. Results of the factor analysis show inter-modal linkages and allow differentiating the port cities. It appears that the recurrent opposition between freight and passenger-oriented specialisations is largely influenced by a European core-periphery spatial pattern.

Keywords: core-periphery spatial patterns; Europe; freight; intermodalism; logistics integration; passengers; port cities; employment; intermodal transportation; sea transport; air transport; road transport; rail transport.

DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2007.016277

World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2007 Vol.1 No.3, pp.313 - 334

Published online: 13 Dec 2007 *

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