Authors: Yahya Chetouani
Addresses: Departement Genie Chimique, Universite de Rouen, Rue Lavoisier, Mont Saint Aignan Cedex 76821, France
Abstract: In this paper a real-time system for detecting changes in dynamic systems is designed. The Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) or Page-Hinkley test is intended to reveal any drift from the normal behaviour of the process which is established by a reliable model. In order to obtain this reliable model, the black-box identification by means of a Non-linear Auto-Regressive Moving Average with eXogenous (NARMAX) neural model has been chosen. This paper shows also the choice and the performance of this neural network in the training and the test phases. A study is related to the inputs number, and of hidden neurons used and their influence on the neural model. Three statistical criterions are used for the validation of the experimental data. After describing the system architecture and the proposed methodology of the fault detection, we present a realistic application to show the technique|s potential. The purpose is to detect the change presence, and pinpoint the moment it occurred.
Keywords: fault detection; process safety; neural networks; nonlinear auto-regressive moving average with exogenous model; NARMAX model; Page-Hinkley; modelling; CUSUM test; process failures; statistical testing.
International Journal of Reliability and Safety, 2007 Vol.1 No.4, pp.411 - 427
Available online: 13 Dec 2007 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article