Authors: Jun Kanda, Tsuyoshi Takada, Hang Choi
Addresses: Institute of Environmental Studies, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5, Kashiwano-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8563, Japan. ' Graduate School of Engineering, Institute of Environmental Studies, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. ' GS E&C Corporation, GS Tower 22F, 679 Yeoksam-Dong, Gangnam-Gu, Seoul 135-985, Korea
Abstract: The concept of minimising life cycle cost can be rationally applied to determine a target reliability of structures. However, there has been a recent legal requirement to reduce CO2 emissions, therefore, the minimisation of life cycle CO2 emission could be an alternative approach in structural design. This paper explains the general formulae for deciding the optimum reliability by minimising the total life cycle cost and the amount of CO2 emission in the structure|s lifetime, and also shows that these formulae can be applied to decision making for the cost-benefit problem related to seismic strengthening of structures. Additionally, the role of the engineer is discussed, reflecting the current situation in Japan.
Keywords: disaster mitigation; carbon dioxide emissions; life cycle costing; optimum reliability; risk communication; structural safety; structural reliability; risk assessment; risk management; structural design; built environment; decision making; Japan.
International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 2007 Vol.7 No.6/7, pp.846 - 861
Published online: 23 Jul 2007 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article