Title: Frequency-domain data hiding based on the Matryoshka principle

Authors: Tamer Rabie

Addresses: College of Information Technology, UAE University, Al-Ain, 17555, UAE

Abstract: This paper introduces a novel steganography paradigm using the |Matryoshka principle|, a design paradigm, also known as |nested doll principle|, that denotes a recognisable relationship of ||similar object-within-similar object|| that appears in the design of many natural and man made entities. This new steganography framework for image-within-image hiding exploits spectral properties of the Fourier magnitude and phase of natural images. The theory is that, as long as the Fourier phase of an image is maintained intact, the overall appearance of an image remains unchanged if the Fourier magnitude of the image is slightly modified.

Keywords: Matryoshka principle; nested doll principle; image-in-image; data hiding; colour image hiding; image-based steganography; frequency domain image hiding; hidden messages; multimedia; covert communication.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAMC.2007.013952

International Journal of Advanced Media and Communication, 2007 Vol.1 No.3, pp.298 - 312

Available online: 04 Jun 2007 *

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