Title: The hegemony in artificial intelligence technology: a depiction through patent analysis

Authors: Adityo Wicaksono; Tommy Hendrix

Addresses: Center for Technology Services, National Research and Innovation Agency,Raden Saleh Street No. 43, Central Jakarta, Indonesia ' Research Center for Industrial, Service and Trade Economics,National Research and Innovation Agency, Gatot Subroto Street Kav. 10 South Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract: In the recent decade, AI technology has proliferated into many industry sectors and formed a hegemony pushed by dominant actors. It has become an attractive phenomenon to study, as it significantly influences civilisation's current and future development. This study explores the hegemony in AI technology and provides a detailed map of contemporary development through a patent analysis approach. As a result, three significant findings are being highlighted. Firstly, the main hegemons of AI technology are uncovered; they are major tech companies in the USA and China. Secondly, four AI trajectories are identified, including pattern recognition, digital computing, administration, and computer system. Thirdly, six emergent themes of AI technology are listed, covering machine learning, natural language, deep learning, big data, neural network, and reality. Overall, this study extends the understanding of hegemony in terms of technology in which a dominant country exerts its power through patent strategy. It also maps how far AI technology has expanded in the current hegemony. As a practical implication, this depiction could give the AI-related industry players a hint to determine what to catch up on.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; hegemony; technology advancement; trajectory; patent analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFIP.2023.136703

International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 2023 Vol.16 No.2/3/4, pp.152 - 165

Received: 25 Oct 2021
Accepted: 26 Sep 2022

Published online: 19 Feb 2024 *

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