Title: Generational difference on the leadership competencies for the 21st century: a literature review

Authors: Guy Major Ngayo Fotso

Addresses: Haute Ecole de Gestion, Chemin du Musé 4, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland

Abstract: The study reviews the leadership literature on millennials and older generations to clarify to what extent generations differ on their view of the expected leadership competencies for the 21st century. An integrative review was conducted and searches were performed in electronic databases using a set of criteria to select 54 articles for this study. This review reveals that younger and older generations are much more similar than different. However, older generations effectively pinpoint specific new required competences. The study is useful for practitioners to avoid, implementing HR practices and policies that favour one generation over another. Practitioners should focus on the fit of their leaders to our fast-changing world, helping them develop needed competencies by designing adapted HR policies.

Keywords: generational difference; leadership; millennials; 21st century; competencies.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2024.136102

International Journal of Work Innovation, 2024 Vol.5 No.1, pp.22 - 36

Received: 02 Jun 2023
Accepted: 03 Jul 2023

Published online: 16 Jan 2024 *

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