Title: Thermodynamics and symmetry of human catabiosis - the present understanding

Authors: Abhijit Dutta; Himadri Chattopadhyay; Jale Çatak

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, MCKV Institute of Engineering, Howrah 711204, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India ' Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: In this paper, the topic of human catabiosis has been explored from the vantage of thermodynamics. Research works on human catabiosis based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics are summarised. The origin of the human species, reproduction, growth, and ageing are reviewed from the perspective of thermodynamics, and finally, the future direction of the subject is discussed. The choice of dietary patterns and geographical locations influencing the ageing process are also discussed in this article.

Keywords: catabiosis; thermodynamics; growth; ageing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2023.135846

International Journal of Exergy, 2023 Vol.42 No.4, pp.394 - 409

Received: 01 Jun 2023
Accepted: 03 Oct 2023

Published online: 08 Jan 2024 *

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