Title: How does the role of gender perspective and self-efficacy minimise the negative impacts of abusive leaders? An experimental design study

Authors: Edi Cahyono; Budhi Haryanto

Addresses: Postgraduate Program, Universitas Islam Negeri Salatiga, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Abstract: This study aims to develop a new research model by adding the role of gender and self-efficacy moderation to clarify the inconsistent relationship between abusive leaders and work outcomes. This study uses a laboratory experimental study design with four stages of study to test the formulated hypothesis. The statistical method applies analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results of this study indicate that individuals who are given abusive treatment by their leaders tend to display lower levels of job satisfaction, organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB), and individual performance than individuals who are not given abusive treatment. When individuals who are given abusive treatment are masculine and have high self-efficacy, the negative impact of abusive treatment on work outcomes will decrease. Individuals who are masculine and have high self-efficacy tend to have higher levels of job satisfaction, OCB, and performance than individuals in other experimental groups.

Keywords: abusive leader; gender; self-efficacy; work outcomes.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWE.2023.135471

International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 2023 Vol.7 No.3, pp.240 - 259

Received: 21 Jun 2023
Accepted: 23 Jul 2023

Published online: 14 Dec 2023 *

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