Title: Analysis of economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in East Africa

Authors: Twahil H. Shakiru; Qing Liu; Muhammad A. Khan

Addresses: Department of Statistics, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, No. 169, East Shuanggang Road, Changbei, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' School of Statistics, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, China ' Earth System and Global Change Lab, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China

Abstract: The present study examined the factors that determine CO2 emissions in East Africa. Employing a quantile regression technique, the study specifically analysed data on CO2 emissions, GDP per capita, electricity consumption, labour force, and urban population in a period from 1989 to 2020. The results show that economic growth and electricity consumption increases CO2 emissions. It is recommended that policymakers in East Africa adopt and promote renewable energy sources that will help meet the rising demand for electricity by replacing traditional sources, such as coal, gas, and oil.

Keywords: panel unit root test; panel quantile regression; Fisher panel cointegration; CO2 emissions; electricity consumption; economic growth.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2023.133213

International Journal of Global Warming, 2023 Vol.31 No.1, pp.95 - 107

Received: 05 Oct 2022
Received in revised form: 26 Jan 2023
Accepted: 02 Mar 2023

Published online: 01 Sep 2023 *

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