Title: Identification of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in the city of Medellín through innovation capacities and elements of Industry 4.0

Authors: Vanessa García Pineda; Jackeline Andrea Macías Urrego

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín, 050004, Colombia ' Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín, 050036, Colombia

Abstract: Purpose: In recent years, the dynamism of society and the different economic sectors have been forced to change due to the emergence of new technologies, such as Industry 4.0. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to identify the level of incorporation of elements and technologies of Industry 4.0 through the innovation capabilities in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector. Design/methodology/approach: We characterised the ICT sector in Medellín, Colombia, and applied a questionnaire to a specific subset of Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) firms. Findings: One of the main results suggests that although ITSM firms are not unaware of some elements of Industry 4.0, these technologies are not fully incorporated into their activities. Therefore, these organisations must make greater efforts to develop and incorporate the technologies of Industry 4.0. Originality/value: This paper shows the need for firms in the ICT sector to strengthen their resource allocation and strategic planning capabilities.

Keywords: Industry 4.0; ICT sector; innovation capabilities; organisational structure.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTPM.2023.131376

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 2023 Vol.23 No.2, pp.216 - 244

Received: 08 Jul 2021
Accepted: 08 Feb 2022

Published online: 09 Jun 2023 *

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