Title: Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

Authors: Hongqun Yang, Maohong Fan

Addresses: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang, Jiangxi 332005, China. ' School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

Abstract: This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.

Keywords: membrane bioreactors; activated sludge; hydraulic retention; sludge retention; sludge concentration; nitrogen removal; phosphorus removal; membrane fouling control; processing economics; biotechnology.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBT.2007.013051

International Journal of Biotechnology, 2007 Vol.9 No.2, pp.188 - 208

Published online: 06 Apr 2007 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article