Title: A convex optimisation approach to parallel magnetic resonance imaging reconstruction

Authors: Ifat Al Baqee

Addresses: Southeast University Bangladesh, 251/A and 252 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh

Abstract: In parallel magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI), the image reconstruction with unknown coil sensitivity functions is known as a non-convex problem in the existing literatures. The analysis of this paper shows that there exists a convex solution region in the space of the magnitude image and sensitivity encoded image functions, which contains the true magnitude image solution. The derivation of the convex solution region resolves the non-convex difficulty and leads to a convex optimisation formulation of the pMRI reconstruction problem. The formulated problem consists of two steps. Each of the steps solves a regularised convex optimisation problem and provides a globally optimal solution, in the sense that the solution optimises the performance index and is independent of the initial conditions. The applications of the proposed two-step optimisation to in vivo and phantom data sets result in superior pMRI reconstruction performance compared with state-of-the-art algorithms.

Keywords: medical imaging; parallel magnetic resonance imaging; pMRI; MRI reconstruction; convex optimisation; regularised optimisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2023.129192

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2023 Vol.41 No.2, pp.126 - 144

Received: 21 Aug 2020
Accepted: 21 Dec 2020

Published online: 01 Mar 2023 *

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