Title: Regional differences in the concentration of aid granted under the direct support system for farmers in Poland
Authors: Adrian Sadłowski
Addresses: Institute of Economics and Finance, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Wóycickiego 1/3, Warsaw 01938, Poland
Abstract: The purpose of the study was, apart from measuring and visualising regional differentiation of the degree of concentration of direct support for farmers in Poland, the empirical verification of hypotheses explaining this differentiation. It was found that the level of concentration of direct support at the voivodship level ranges from moderate to strong. Generally, the degree of concentration of support in a given voivodeship is higher: the larger the average farm area is in the voivodship; the smaller part of the agricultural land in the voivodship is covered by the redistributive payment; the smaller the share of sector payments in the total amount of funds absorbed by farmers in this voivodship. This means that the EU-Member States - taking into account when designing instruments of direct support the spatial differentiation of the area structure of farms or their production specialisation - can reduce the concentration of distributed aid.
Keywords: "green direct payment"; common agricultural policy; coupled support; direct payments; Gini coefficient; payment for young farmers; redistributive payment; single area payment.
International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, 2022 Vol.16 No.4, pp.284 - 300
Received: 02 Apr 2020
Accepted: 21 Jan 2021
Published online: 18 Jan 2023 *