Title: Natural language generation from Universal Dependencies using data augmentation and pre-trained language models

Authors: Dang Tuan Nguyen; Trung Tran

Addresses: Saigon University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam ' Saigon University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam

Abstract: Natural language generation (NLG) has focused on data-to-text tasks with different structured inputs in recent years. The generated text should contain given information, be grammatically correct, and meet other criteria. We propose in this research an approach that combines solid pre-trained language models with input data augmentation. The studied data in this work are Universal Dependencies (UDs) which is developed as a framework for consistent annotation of grammar (parts of speech, morphological features and syntactic dependencies) for cross-lingual learning. We study the English UD structures, which are modified into two groups. In the first group, the modification phase is to remove the order information of each word and lemmatise the tokens. In the second group, the modification phase is to remove the functional words and surface-oriented morphological details. With both groups of modified structures, we apply the same approach to explore how pre-trained sequence-to-sequence models text-to-text transfer transformer (T5) and BART perform on the training data. We augment the training data by creating several permutations for each input structure. The result shows that our approach can generate good quality English text with the exciting idea of studying strategies to represent UD inputs.

Keywords: data-to-text generation; Universal Dependencies; pre-trained language models; data augmentation; deep learning; sequence-to-sequence models; fine-tune.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIIDS.2023.128292

International Journal of Intelligent Information and Database Systems, 2023 Vol.16 No.1, pp.89 - 105

Received: 30 Dec 2021
Accepted: 30 Apr 2022

Published online: 16 Jan 2023 *

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