Authors: Muhammad Saad; Hasniza Mohd Taib; Abul Bashar Bhuiyan; Rashid Bhutta
Addresses: Fast School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Karachi, 75120, Pakistan ' School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Bukit Kayu Hitam 06010, Malaysia ' Faculty of Business and Accountancy, Universiti of Selangor, Selangor 45600, Malaysia ' School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Bukit Kayu Hitam 06010, Malaysia
Abstract: The sustainability of microfinance institutions (MFIs) is important not only for the institution itself but also for the overall economy because of its contribution to poverty reduction. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that influence the sustainability of MFIs in Pakistan. Using unbalanced panel data of MFIs from Pakistan for the year 2006-2015. Fixed effect regression is used to identify factors that influence sustainability. Additionally, the Granger causality test is applied to check for the possible reverse causation effect of each and all variables. Results suggest that return on assets and borrower per staff member are the key determinants of sustainability. The findings of this study will help practitioners and regulators to enhance the effectiveness of MFIs. This study is an initial attempt to study the influence of factors identified by the Consultative Group to Assist Poor (CGAP) and Micro Rate on the sustainability of MFIs.
Keywords: sustainability; MFIs; microfinance institutions; Pakistan; poverty; causality; random effect; operational self-sufficiency; robustness.
International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, 2022 Vol.16 No.1/2/3, pp.144 - 162
Received: 05 Apr 2020
Accepted: 30 Aug 2020
Published online: 06 Jan 2023 *