Authors: Aamer Majid Bhat; Manzoor Ahmad Ahanger; Pranab Kumar Mohapatra
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India ' Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India ' Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Abstract: The threshold of motion of commonly found sediments in streams and rivers, sand and gravel which are mainly siliceous in nature, has been studied thoroughly since the development of the field of sediment transport in fluvial hydraulics. There are other types of sediment, of more irregular shape, such as bioclastic, biogenic, and organic detritus which need a special focus vis-a-vis their transport. This study considers the incipient motion of such sediments and finding a better representation of their threshold of motion. This study considers the empirical curves of some previous researchers and the scatter of data from unconventional sediment to assess the threshold behaviour of such sediment under unidirectional flow. The consideration of the settling velocity in the sediment threshold studies is important in general and for the sediment studied here in particular. The Movability Number is found to be a better representation of the threshold than the Shields parameter or square of Movability Number as data show less scatter about empirical curves.
Keywords: sediment transport; fluvial hydraulics; incipient motion; unconventional sediment; Movability Number; Shields parameter.
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2023 Vol.15 No.1, pp.11 - 21
Received: 02 Jan 2021
Accepted: 29 Mar 2021
Published online: 21 Dec 2022 *