Title: A critical analysis of Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA)

Authors: Brij Mohan Dutta

Addresses: Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun, India

Abstract: India is a parliamentary democracy and primary function of the Parliament is to legislate. In India, the Constitution is supreme; and the Supreme Court is the final interpreter of the law. It is a sovereign right of a nation to determine whom to allow to settle and work. Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA) is the event in the Parliamentary History of India which has created so much uproar. In this research paper the concept of citizenship, its relevance in context of our freedom struggle till today. The history, problem, state and reasons of religious persecution of minorities of six religious communities i.e., Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh are examined. The paper analyses why CAA is limited to only three countries and only to six religious communities, validity of CAA, and effects of CAA on Indians, foreigners and on Muslims from these three countries.

Keywords: Citizenship Amendment Act; religious persecution; amendments; refugees; citizenship act.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBEX.2022.127500

International Journal of Business Excellence, 2022 Vol.28 No.4, pp.505 - 521

Received: 27 Mar 2020
Accepted: 11 May 2020

Published online: 07 Dec 2022 *

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