Title: Technology policy, environmental conditions, and R&D organisations' shaping: a combined population ecology and resource dependence perspective

Authors: Pilar Rico-Castro; Gregorio Sánchez-Marín; María Pemartín

Addresses: Department of Scientific Information Management, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT), Madrid, Spain ' Department of Economics and Business, University of Alcala, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain ' Department of Management and Finance, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain

Abstract: This paper analyses the influence of regional technology policy on the evolution of R&D organisations. Specifically, combining population ecology and resource dependence perspectives, this research examines how technology policies impact environmental conditions of technological centres (TCs) affecting organisational change and surviving. To empirically test our assumptions, this research uses a comparative case study research design analysing changes promoted by the Basque regional technology policy in the environment where the TCs' inhabit, between 1980 and 2000. Our findings shed light to the understanding of policy making in R&D organisations, contributing to the debate on the importance of regional innovation systems, the organisational adaptation to multi actor governance, and the blurring organisational boundaries between public and private spheres of TCs.

Keywords: technology policy; environmental conditions; R&D organisations; technological centres; TCs; organisational change.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.127030

International Journal of Intellectual Property Management, 2022 Vol.12 No.4, pp.529 - 557

Received: 19 Apr 2021
Accepted: 15 Sep 2021

Published online: 18 Nov 2022 *

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