Title: Technological innovation: classification model and future research agenda

Authors: Alaa M. Ubaid; Refaat Hassan Abdel-Razek

Addresses: College of Engineering, University of Sharjah, UAE ' Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Egypt; House of Consultancy, 99 Merryland Building, Cairo, Egypt; 120 Lauderdale Rd., London, UK

Abstract: Previous innovation classification models suffer from duplications, gaps, and overlaps. A comprehensive innovation classification model was proposed in this paper. The proposed model present and explain the concept of multidimensional innovations, fill the gaps in the previous classification models, integrate the classical and the modern innovation types, explain the relationships between innovation types, and help to propose future research directions. The overlaps between innovation types were identified and unified. For classical innovation types, four-dimensional innovation levels were analysed and presented in the model. The analysis showed that the higher innovations levels stem from the combination of the lower innovation levels with decreased numbers of innovations as we move to the higher innovation levels. The proposed model incorporates innovation types that have been ignored in the previous models, which maximise the benefits of this model. SLR methodology adopted in this research reveals the identification of many future research directions.

Keywords: innovation types; classification; typology; sustainability; eco; resources constrained.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIE.2022.126401

International Journal of Intelligent Enterprise, 2022 Vol.9 No.4, pp.473 - 512

Accepted: 17 Feb 2020
Published online: 25 Oct 2022 *

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