Authors: Shaifali P. Malukani; C.K. Bhensdadia
Addresses: Department of Computer Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India ' Department of Computer Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India
Abstract: Fog computing has emerged as a promising extension of cloud computing. Owing to recent developments, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of fog service consumers and providers who trade for fog resources. Consumers pay rent to the providers for utilisation of the fog resources. A dispute may exist for the announced rent as traders are interested in their financial gain. Price negotiation strategies help in solving this dispute and building long-term solutions. However, due to the heterogeneous nature of fog, QoS attributes significantly vary for a user-fog node association. So, entities may prefer each other based on attributes other than price. They want to get associated with the preferred trading partners at a negotiated price. This work presents a novel preference-based negotiation strategy for many to many, bilateral and concurrent negotiations in the fog environment. Results show that PREFNEG significantly increases the average user and fog utilities.
Keywords: fog computing; negotiation; preference; QoS; attributes; price; trading; resources; consumers; providers.
International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing, 2022 Vol.13 No.5, pp.565 - 576
Received: 16 Dec 2021
Accepted: 25 Mar 2022
Published online: 14 Oct 2022 *