Title: National cybersecurity: assessment, risks and trends

Authors: Iryna Voronenko; Maryna Nehrey; Anna Laptieva; Vitalina Babenko; Kostiantyn Rohoza

Addresses: Department of Economic Cybernetics, National University of Life and Environment Science of Ukraine, Ukraine ' Department of Economic Cybernetics, National University of Life and Environment Science of Ukraine, Ukraine ' Department of Economics and Business, Kharkiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Ukraine ' International e-Commerce and Hotel and Restaurant Business Department, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine ' Department of Information Systems and Technologies, National University of Life and Environment Science of Ukraine, Ukraine

Abstract: 2020 witnessed significant changes in the policies, activities and the plans on the level of governments and companies as well as individuals. While the COVID-19 pandemic exposed the increasing threats and weaknesses, it allowed for new opportunities. New proper measures must be taken to increase cybersecurity, especially that impact of the pandemic is going to have long-term ripples and effects. In this article, the structure of indicators included in the calculation of the National Cyber Security Index is studied and the distribution of the National Cyber Security Index across income groups analysed. In addition to that, the assessment of the efficiency of using resources to ensure national cybersecurity and studies of the impact of COVID-19 on the level of national cybersecurity displayed. Finally, recommendations are giving to improve cybersecurity during and after a pandemic.

Keywords: cybersecurity; risk; COVID-19; National Cyber Security Index; NCSI; efficiency; data envelopment analysis; DEA.

DOI: 10.1504/IJES.2022.10049651

International Journal of Embedded Systems, 2022 Vol.15 No.3, pp.226 - 238

Received: 05 Mar 2021
Accepted: 13 Aug 2021

Published online: 11 Aug 2022 *

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