Title: The engines of intra-industrial trade in the agro-food industry between Tunisia and the EU-15
Authors: Afef Souguir
Addresses: Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Sfax, University of Sfax, Airport Route Km 0.5, 3029 Sfax, Tunisia; MOFID, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Sousse, University of Sousse, Riadh City, LP 307, Sousse 4023, Tunisia
Abstract: This paper analyses the determinants of the total intra-industrial (IIT) and vertical (VIIT) trade between Tunisia and the European Union (EU-15) for the 2000/2015 period. The results show that intra-industrial trade is mainly of a vertical nature. On the other hand, the results obtained from the panel model estimates using the generalised method of moments (GMM-sys) suggest that the factorial allocations and the vertical differentiation of the products are mainly negatively related to IIT and VIIT while the GDP of a larger economy shows a positive and statistically very significant relationship between intra-industrial trade (IIT and VIIT) and economic growth of the GDP of the EU-15 group of countries.
Keywords: intra-industrial exchanges; total; intra-industry trade; IIT; vertical intra-industry trade; VIIT; agri-food products; GMM-sys; panel data.
International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 2022 Vol.16 No.1, pp.14 - 26
Received: 27 Apr 2019
Accepted: 07 May 2020
Published online: 01 Aug 2022 *