Title: Effects of annealing conditions on sol-gel dip coated β-Ga2O3 thin films

Authors: M.A. Ab Hamid; Z. Hassan; S.S. Ng

Addresses: Institute of Nano Optoelectronics Research and Technology (INOR), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia ' Institute of Nano Optoelectronics Research and Technology (INOR), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia ' Institute of Nano Optoelectronics Research and Technology (INOR), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia

Abstract: In this paper, the effects of different annealing conditions on the structural surface morphology and optical properties of the grown β-Ga2O3 thin films on p-Si (100) substrates via sol-gel dip-coating are reported in detail. The pre-treatment at 500°C after each dipping has led to better adhesion of sol-gel solution on the substrates. XRD measurements confirm the appearance of the crystalline monoclinic phase of β-Ga2O3. FESEM microscopy and AFM observations show that crack free and densely packed grains morphology of β-Ga2O3 thin films were formed. FTIR measurements demonstrated that the reflectivity spectra of β-Ga2O3 thin films are the highest at the annealing temperature of 900°C. EDX spectroscopy revealed an increasing Ga/O ratio with an increasing nitrogen flow rate up to 300 sccm. UV-vis-NIR plots showed that the band gap of β-Ga2O3 thin films could be tuned when annealed in air and varying N2 gas flow rate. Finally, all the results revealed that the best annealing conditions for the β-Ga2O3 thin films are 900°C at 60 min with 300 sccm nitrogen gas flow.

Keywords: gallium oxide; sol-gel; dip-coating; annealing; thin film; nanostructures.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2022.124516

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2022 Vol.19 No.2/3/4/5, pp.365 - 381

Published online: 27 Jul 2022 *

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