Title: Production cross-sections calculations of proton and neutron induced reactions for producing copper radionuclide used in PET imaging and radiation therapy applications

Authors: Nabeel F. Lattoofi; Ali A. Alzubadi

Addresses: Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Al Anbar, Iraq ' Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract: In the last decades, many radioisotopes have been widely used in Medical imaging diagnostic and radiation therapy applications, among these are the copper isotopes, which are the most important isotopes used in these fields. These isotopes have been produced in reactors with different nuclear reactions in which a non-copper element have been used as a target. In our present research, we aimed to calculate the nuclear (p, n) and (n, p) reactions cross-sections used in producing different copper isotopes namely; 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67Cu using the Empire code for this purpose. The calculated results, investigated with different phenomenological and microscopic models for level density, have been compared to the available experimental data taken from the EXFOR database for energy ranging from 0 MeV up to 30 MeV. The results show a good agreement with experimental one for (p, n) reactions with Hartree Fock Bogoliubov Microscopic model (HFBM). However the cross-section calculations with Enhanced Generalised Superfluid Model (EGSM) for (n, p) reactions are closer to the experimental data.

Keywords: level density mode; cross-section; therapeutic radioisotope; shell model; Empire code; nuclear cross sections.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNEST.2021.122769

International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology, 2021 Vol.15 No.2, pp.118 - 132

Received: 17 Apr 2021
Accepted: 10 Sep 2021

Published online: 10 May 2022 *

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