Title: Internet of things in transportation: exploring vehicular ad hoc networks feasibility

Authors: Adrian E. Coronado Mondragon; Christian E. Coronado Mondragon; Etienne S. Coronado

Addresses: School of Business and Management, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, TW20-0EX, UK ' School of Ocean Technology, Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, P.O. Box 4920, St. John's, NLL, Canada ' Networking and Telecommunications Professional Services, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Abstract: Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) represent a significant IoT technological development that can support transportation management. This research investigates the feasibility of deploying VANETs using the principles of clusters in an industry scenario comprising haulage operations in a confined geographic location. We use simulation to model a VANET solution to enable data traffic associated with the exchange of messages between the vehicles and road side units. The proposed solution designed and dimensioned to reduce queuing delays demonstrated the suitability of VANETs as a solution that can support transportation operations associated to logistics. The results are associated to the characteristics of an industry scenario comprising haulage operations in seaport operations. By using a cluster configuration in IoT-VANETs, requests from members of the cluster are channelled through the cluster head. This eliminates the need for each mobile node to communicate directly to the road side nodes which prevents overwhelming the network with individual requests.

Keywords: internet of things; IoT; transportation management; vehicular ad hoc networks; VANETs; clustering principles; port logistics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIMS.2021.122703

International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services, 2021 Vol.8 No.2, pp.103 - 122

Received: 17 Sep 2019
Accepted: 27 May 2020

Published online: 06 May 2022 *

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