Title: Application of integrated environmentally failure modes and effects analysis and environmentally conscious quality function deployment for sustainable product design

Authors: K.E.K. Vimal; K. Mathiyazhagan; M. Manojkummar; G. Rajyalakshmi; A. John Rajan; Jayakrishna Kandasamy

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology – Patna, Bihar, 602117, India ' Thiagarajar School of Management, Thiruparankundram, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625015, India ' School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632014, India ' School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632014, India ' School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632014, India ' School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632014, India

Abstract: The necessity to consider the environmental measures in the early product development promotes the concept of sustainable product design. The purpose of this study is to develop sustainable products by an integrated framework using environmental failure mode effective analysis (EFMEA), environmentally conscious quality function deployment (ECQFD) and life cycle analysis (LCA). EFMEA was used to conduct an environmental defective analysis and ECQFD was used for integrating the environmental aspects and expectations of the customers from that product. Based on the results of ECQFD the components were redesigned and subjected to a simple CAD model-based LCA using solid works sustainability Xpress, considering the environmental factors for the analysis. Finally, using an overflow valve as a case product the integrated model was demonstrated to understand the practical applicability. The environmental impacts caused by the redesigned overflow valve were less than the existing valve confirming the viability of the proposed integrated model.

Keywords: environmental failure mode effective analysis; EFMEA; environmentally conscious quality function deployment; ECQFD; life cycle analysis; LCA; sustainable product development; overflow valve; integrated framework; green products; environmental impacts; sustainability analysis; product design stages.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAOM.2022.10047227

International Journal of Advanced Operations Management, 2022 Vol.14 No.1, pp.74 - 108

Received: 16 Jun 2020
Accepted: 24 May 2021

Published online: 05 May 2022 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article