Title: The role of human resource management in the growth of startups: a multiple case study from the perspective of entrepreneurs and employees

Authors: Hasan Boudlaie; Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji; Mina Saneie Jirandeh; Vahid Jafari-Sadeghi

Addresses: Faculty of Management, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish Island, Iran ' School of Business, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK; Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran ' Faculty of Management, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish Island, Iran ' Aston Business School, Aston University, Birmingham, UK

Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of human resource management (HRM) in the growth of startups. Accordingly, the missions and practices of HRM in startups are identified from the perspective of entrepreneurs and employees. A multiple case study approach is used by focusing on two startups in Iran. Moreover, the data are collected by interviewing one entrepreneur and four employees in each company. Besides, qualitative data are analysed using thematic analysis. Results demonstrated the various types of HRM missions and practices in startups and reflect different perspectives of entrepreneurs and employees of human resources management in these companies. Finally, the results illustrated that HRM can play an important role in the growth of these companies. Although research in the field of startups has increased in recent years, the role of HRM in the growth of these companies has rarely been addressed. The present research helps to expand literature related to the role of HRM in the growth of startups by considering the different perspectives of startups' entrepreneurs and employees.

Keywords: human resource management missions; human resource management practices; growth of startups.

DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2022.10045703

World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2022 Vol.18 No.3, pp.307 - 324

Received: 14 Mar 2020
Accepted: 21 Sep 2020

Published online: 03 May 2022 *

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