Title: Effect of precipitation of silicone oil-based nanofluid on thermal conductivity

Authors: Duk Hyung Lee; Dong-Hyun Kim; Yeon Suk Choi

Addresses: Division of Scientific Instrument, Korea Basic Science Institute, 169-148, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea; Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea ' Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea ' Division of Scientific Instrument, Korea Basic Science Institute, 169-148, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea

Abstract: This study investigated the effect of the precipitation of nanofluid additives on thermal conductivity in various environments using a bidirectional 3 omega (3ω) method. Silicone oils with viscosities of 50, 500, and 1000 CS were used as the base fluid. Nanoparticles containing aluminium spheres of 100 nm diameter were added to the base fluid at a mass ratio of 0.5%. The experimental set-up was designed and fabricated, and the bidirectional 3ω method was verified by measuring the thermal conductivity of the well-known liquid. Using the nanofluids, thermal conductivities were measured at various temperatures and viscosities. The measurement results are discussed with respect to the elapsed time of precipitation. In addition, the effect of penetration depth on the thermal conductivity is investigated.

Keywords: precipitation; thermal conductivity; nanofluid; bidirectional 3ω method; penetration depth; viscosity; temperature.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2022.122363

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2022 Vol.19 No.1, pp.21 - 27

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 16 Apr 2022 *

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