Title: Influence of biodiesel on performance, emission and engine durability of compression ignition engines - a review

Authors: Vipul Rameshchandra Bhatt; Tushar Maganbhai Patel

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhinagar, India ' Department of Automobile Engineering, LDRP-ITR, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhinagar, India

Abstract: In the context of environmental degradation and soaring prices for a barrel of petroleum, biofuels are now being presented as a renewable, sustainable, and alternative fuel for compression ignition engines to reduce the dependency on petroleum import, global warming, and preventing engine life. This paper has reviewed the effect of biofuel (pure oil and different blends with conventional diesel fuel) on engine performance, emission characteristics, and durability of engine for compression ignition engines based on comparisons with standard diesel fuels. It is also reviewed that biofuel can be replaced with fossil diesel fuel due to its similar fuel properties and the engine can be operated smoothly without any engine modifications to balance GHG emissions in the environment. The review has suggested that the implementation of biofuel results in the reduction of engine life due to a few tribological issues in the main components of C.I. engines.

Keywords: biofuels; compression ignition engine; engine performance; exhaust emission.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRET.2022.10046131

International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology, 2022 Vol.13 No.2, pp.196 - 212

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 01 Apr 2022 *

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