Title: Assessing the effect of access on the use of improved seed cleaning technologies; challenges and opportunities among farmers in the Kamuli district-Uganda
Authors: Peter Tumutegyereize; Isaac Oluk; Julia Kigozi; Ismael Mayanja; Thomas Buyinza; Moureen Mbeiza
Addresses: Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Uganda ' Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda ' Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Uganda ' Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA ' Postharvest Technology Department, Iowa State University-Uganda Program, P.O. Box 218, Kamuli, Uganda ' Postharvest Technology Department, Iowa State University-Uganda Program, P.O. Box 218, Kamuli, Uganda
Abstract: There is a lag in postharvest technology interventions addressing grain cleaning in developing countries. It is uncertain whether it is attributed to technology access or not. This work assessed the effect of access on the use of improved cleaning technologies for seeds as well as challenges and opportunities to access and use the technologies. Pre-set questionnaires were administered to 200 farmers. The responses by these farmers indicated that access to improved seed cleaning technologies is the major impediment to change from slow, labour-intensive, and less healthy traditional methods. Then five seed cleaners were strategically located in the regions. Farmers with 200 kg of grain and above were prepared to carry their food produce over distances of 3 km-4 km to access the cleaners. No farmer with less than 200 kg travelled more than 1 km with their grain for cleaning. Capitalising on this maximum distance, farmers can access and use technologies expensive for them to own to improve timely cleaning and dust exposure reduction.
Keywords: postharvest; technology; grain cleaning; seed cleaners; acceptance; access; intermediated-technology; developing countries; Uganda.
International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation, 2022 Vol.8 No.2/3, pp.243 - 256
Received: 21 Dec 2020
Accepted: 06 Aug 2021
Published online: 29 Mar 2022 *