Title: Digitalisation effect on the microclimate and functional characteristics of the artificial insemination point for mobile sheep

Authors: R.A. Omarov; J.M. Alikhanov; B.I. Musabayev; T.E. Kenzhebayev; K.M. Kuder; D.R. Omar

Addresses: Research and Production Centre of Agricultural Engineering, Almaty, Raiymbek Ave., 312, Kazakhstan ' Kazakh National Agrarian Research University, Almaty, Abai Ave., 8, Kazakhstan ' Research Institute of Sheep Breeding named after K.U. Medeubekov, Branch of Kazakh Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Kazakhstan ' Research Institute of Sheep Breeding named after K.U. Medeubekov, Branch of Kazakh Research Institute of Animal Husbandry and Forage Production, Almaty, Zhandosov Ave., 51, Kazakhstan ' Research and Production Centre of Agricultural Engineering, Almaty, Raiymbek Ave., 312, Kazakhstan ' Research and Production Centre of Agricultural Engineering, Almaty, Raiymbek Ave., 312, Kazakhstan

Abstract: The article analyses the results of research on the microclimate and functional characteristics of the artificial insemination point for sheep of a mobile type of a new design, which is compared with similar indicators of a stationary point. The issues of optimal design of the point, the process of maintaining the microclimate, the productivity of the point, fruitful insemination and the results of sheep lambing are considered. A comparison of the dynamics of insemination and lambing of gimmers in flocks inseminated at mobile and stationary points is made. The authors conclude that the new design and its functional characteristics meet the standards of zoo technical requirements. Special attention is paid to the conditions of the process, devices for maintaining the microclimate, the effectiveness of fruitful insemination and sheep lambing. In comparison with stationary, the use of a mobile point reduces the specific operating costs by 20%-25%, meets the requirements of the environment, as it helps to reduce the concentration of sheep on the territory of the point, and ensures compliance with zoo technical requirements when obtaining the same results of insemination and lambing.

Keywords: mobile point; artificial insemination; microclimate; experiment; sheep breeding.

DOI: 10.1504/IJARGE.2021.121670

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2021 Vol.17 No.2/3/4, pp.287 - 300

Received: 06 Mar 2021
Accepted: 09 Jun 2021

Published online: 22 Mar 2022 *

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